The field school will take place at Troia, a 17 km long beautiful white-sand peninsula that is today a touristic resort due to its adjacency to the Atlantic Ocean. Located on the central coast of Portugal, the site is only 50 km from Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, and but a 15-minute boat trip from Setubal, a city dating to the Roman Period and Middle Ages.
It is sandy area between the Sado River and the Atlantic Ocean that belonged in Roman times to the city of Salacia Imperatoria Augusta, where a number of fish-processing factories were built to produce salted fish and fish sauces, including the famous garum. Once complete, the fish derivatives were put in amphorae and transported by boat to regions spanning the Mediterranean, including Rome. The factories dating to the early 1st c. employed many people and expanded into a town with houses, baths, wells, cemeteries and at a late moment, an early Christian basilica with well-preserved wall paintings.
This summer, our goal is to investigate Workshop 4, a large production unit with 11 vats visible in three rows. Initially identified by mosaic pieces visible above ground, excavations began in the 1970s and have continued since. Archaeologists expected to uncover a Roman house with mosaics floors but instead discovered a large fish-salting workshop. Two kilns were found inside two fish-salting vats, showing the reuse of these spaces for a new purpose.